Smart Water Management
Technology and IoT

Oct 24, 2019

Digiteum Team

smart water menegement

IoT

Smart Water Management Technology and IoT

Water scarcity will directly affect nearly 20% of the human population by 2025, UN reports state, and indirectly influence the rest of the planet’s inhabitants as well as economies and the whole ecosystems.

Smart water systems based on the combination of Internet of Things, big data and AI technologies can help stop these predictions from happening and undo the damage the imprudent usage of water resources has already caused.

Let’s learn how exactly smart water systems impact the consumption, conservation and quality of water resources on the planet.

IoT water management

Smart Water Management (SWM) Meaning

Smart water management implies the integration of systems and the adoption of a complex of measures to monitor, control and regulate the usage and quality of water resources and maintain the associated equipment (pipes, pumps, etc.).

By systems, we mean a wide range of hardware and software instruments, including sensors, meters, data processing and visualization tools, actuators and web and mobile control which connect people with water systems.

Let’s learn about the technologies behind smart water management systems in more detail.

Modern Smart Water Technologies

Today, smart water technology brings transparency and improved control to the whole water supply chain starting from a freshwater reservoir to wastewater collecting and recycling.

Here are the devices, systems and software tools that enable smart water benefits and help optimize water treatment, production, distribution and consumption.

Sensors

Sensors have broad applications in smart water management due to their great diversity and purposes. In a very basic water supply chain, sensors measure:

  • the quality of raw catchment water, the chemical composition in the water after treatment and wastewater, etc.
  • changing quantity in the storage reservoir,
  • pressure on the pipes in the distribution pipeline,
  • wear of the equipment and machinery that process and distribute water to end-users, and more.

Using the data produced by sensors, management at different points of the water supply chain receive key insights into the changing conditions of water resources and equipment and can take data-driven corrective measures on demand.

IoT water management

Smart meters and monitoring systems

Smart meters and monitoring hubs allow real-time water consumption measuring, help identify overly excessive usage and waste points as well as correct usage patterns and make predictions for future consumption.

This water management technology is useful for both water production and distribution managers and bulk households. Using smart meters and consumption monitoring tools, both can correct their water consumption routines and reach sustainability and budgeting goals.

Automated distribution systems and precision algorithms

Using environmental sensors and predefined or self-learning algorithms, a smart distribution system provides automatic water supply to the endpoint. In the case of smart irrigation, for example, sprinkles provide just enough water depending on the reads from soil moisture, air humidity and crop condition sensors.

IoT water management

Objectives of Smart Water Management

The primary objective of smart water management is reasonable and sustainable usage and recycling of water resources. Growing population, increasing environmental issues and pressure on the food and agriculture sector make water even a more precious asset.
In this respect, water management technologies and activities pursue the following objectives:

1. Reduce wasting water used in high volumes in such areas as manufacturing, agriculture, power production. It implies the introduction of high-tech practices like precision farming, smart irrigation and real-time water metering.
2. Improve water quality and prevent contamination by chemical waste and natural pollution such as acidification. In order to improve and maintain the quality of water, companies use sensor technology for real-time monitoring and control.
3. Enhance the efficiency of water systems such as water collectors, treatment plants, distribution mains and wastewater recycling centers. Using IoT and data solutions for asset management, companies can keep important measurements such as water pressure, temperature, flow, etc. in sight, practice predictive maintenance and avoid breakage and downtime.
4. Implement leakage control by using smart water management devices equipped with leak and moisture sensors. Considering that almost $3 billion are spent on fixing the damage caused by leakage yearly, leakage control is essential to keep water resources and budgets save.
5. Practice consumption monitoring to optimize and keep under control the usage of water resources at different levels — in a household, industry, the country or the whole planet.

IoT water management

How does IoT Improve the Water Industry?

Internet of Things helps the water industry reach all the listed objectives. Moreover, thanks to IoT, we concept of Internet of Water emerges. It implies connecting all the systems and players in the water supply chain — raw water, treatment plants, distribution pipes, utility companies, companies and consumers, etc. — and empowering decision-makers with important insights on the state of water resources and equipment used in this domain.
Not many technologies can beat IoT in the water industries thanks to its ample opportunities and wide application. For example, IoT enables:

  • Transparency to the processes in the water supply chain.
  • Real-time monitoring and the ability to immediately address detected issues.
  • Automation and augmentation of human power.
  • Sustainable practices thanks to reduced waste.
  • Forward-orienting water conservation strategy based on data analytics and prediction algorithms.

These are far not all the impact Internet of Things has in water resources management. Let’s learn more through real-life examples.

IoT Applications in Water Management

There’re plenty of smart water solutions that demonstrate how IoT and big data technology can improve the processes in the water industry.

Smart irrigation

IoT water management

One of the leaders among IoT professionals, Bosch provides a sensor-based solution for smart on-demand irrigation. It measures water status in plants to make sure they get just enough water for the best nutritional value and highest yield.

Collected data on the plant’s “thirst” is combined with the weather forecast. AI algorithms then calculate the ideal irrigation scheme based on this data and help farmers keep their crops at the ultimate health.

Water system integrity

Sensative strips are sensor-based leak detectors that help identify pipe or connection damage immediately and prevent heavy leakage and waste of water resources. These strips are incredibly simple to install and use both indoor and outdoor and therefore are great for households, offices and public places.

Smart water monitoring

Adcon is a smart water company that provides a wide range of water management services from leakage detectors to irrigation management and rainwater monitoring. One of the company’s solutions is focused on smart water measurement and quality monitoring for different businesses in the supply chain — farmers, meteorologists, utility services, etc. The solution includes sensors, stations, telemetry units and software which processes generated data and creates insights for the decision-makers.

IoT water management

Rain and stormwater management

Companies like Raingrid turn rain and stormwater as a ubiquitous water resource able to fully provide water needs for independent households and the whole neighborhoods. The company designs and implements IoT and data solutions to harvest rainwater and transform it into a major water source for off-grid communities. This approach shows how the application of Internet of Things in water resources management helps unlock the new options for more sustainable and resilient living.

IoT water management

Smart Water Solution at Digiteum

At Digiteum, we also design and develop IoT and big data solutions for sustainable and resilient use of resources. One of our systems for power consumption monitoring paired with solar enables households to get full control over their electricity usage and go completely off-grid.

Are you yourself exploring the benefits of IoT in water management? Looking for a skilled IoT team to give advice on your project or take over the design and implementation? Contact our team and let’s talk about your ideas on smart water management.

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